The Hatch Act of 1939 (Federal Employees)


The Hatch Act of 1939, officially An Act to Prevent Pernicious Political Activities, is a United States federal law whose main provision is to prohibit employees (civil servants) in the executive branch of the federal government, except the President and certain designated high-level employees of the executive branch, from engaging in partisan political activity. The law was named for Senator Carl Hatch of New Mexico.

The act also precluded federal employees from membership in “any political organization which advocates the overthrow of our constitutional form of government,” a definition designed to apply to fascist and communist organizations.


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